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LIST OF DEATHS IN CUSTODY

The following list provides names, dates and places of those cases in which the Turkish authorities either did not provide any information or where the official response contradicts information received by Amnesty International from other sources. Cases where the authorities confirmed the deaths to be the result of torture are listed at the end. Cases without contradictory information and where the causes of death were stated as not directly related to torture have been omitted. The list gives the date on which Amnesty International believes death occurred and the place in which the prisoner was held.

Quick reference: Deaths before 12 September 1980
Deaths after 12 September 1980
- NO INFORMATION RECEIVED
- FURTHER INFORMATION SOUGHT
- DEATHS CONFIRMED TO BE THE RESULT OF TORTURE (40)
- CASES IN WHICH AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL KNOWS THAT TORTURERS HAVE BEEN CONVICTED (7)

DEATHS IN CUSTODY BEFORE 12 SEPTEMBER 1980

NO REPLIES RECEIVED
 
1 Aziz AGAÇ Adana 3 April 1980
2 Abdülkadir TAPTI Mardin August 1980
3 Sait GÖZET Fatsa August 1980

FURTHER INFORMATION SOUGHT

4. Cuma ÖZASLAN Gaziantep 25 January 1980
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: died on 25 January 1980, four police officers acquitted. Circumstances of death not clarified.

5. Remzi YALVAÇ Diyarbakir February 1980
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 21 December 1981: jumped out of window, investigation in progress. Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: attempted to escape and jumped out of second floor in 1980 in Diyarbakir. The mother alleged death to be the result of torture.

6. Recep ESTIK Istanbul 12 April 1980
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide in police custody on 12 April 1980 in Istanbul. On 14 April 1980 his father, Mesut Estik, sent a complaint to Gaziosmanpasa Prosecutor's Office, in which he alleged torture to be the cause of death.

7. Osman Mehmet ÖNSOY Istanbul 22 May 1980
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: died on 25 May 1980 as a result of hunger-strike and beating his head against the walls. Istanbul Military Court is reported to have started a trial against alleged torturers.

8. Halil GÜNDOGAN Istanbul 2 August 1980
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 25 March 1982: Halil Dogan (GÜNAYDIN) was found wounded and died on way to hospital, investigation in progress. Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: escaped on 23 April 1988 from Metris Military Prison.

CASES SUBMITTED FOR THE FIRST TIME
9 Recai ÜNAL Adana March 1980
10 Songül KAYABAS Istanbul June 1980
11 Aziz ARAS Istanbul June 1980
12 Ali UYGUR Mersin July 1980
12 Mustafa YALÇIN Ankara 28 August 1980

DEATHS IN CUSTODY AFTER 12 SEPTEMBER 1980

NO INFORMATION RECEIVED
1 Ramazan OGUZ Antalya 20 September 1980
2 Cavit ÖZER Istanbul 2 October 1980
3 Hasan DÖNMEZ Istanbul  2 October 1980
4 Emin ALKAN Siirt 4 October 1980
5 Himmet UYSAL Usak 30 October 1980
6 Fuat GÜRBÜZ Malatya 6 November 1980
7 Feridun YILMAZ Eskisehir 12 November 1980
8 Sükrü GEDIK Karakoçan 12 November 1980
9 Rüstem GÜRSOY Istanbul 14 November 1980
10 Mehmet SANI Istanbul 6 December 1980
11 Nihat ARDA Ankara 16 December 1980
12 Yilmaz PEKÖZ Kirikkale 1981
13 M. Emin KUTLU Ankara January 1981
14 Hasan KELÇE Tunceli January 1981
15 Ilyas GÜLEÇ Istanbul 6 January 1981
16 Mehmet KAZGAN Malatya March 1981
17 Ali KÜÇÜK Ordu March 1981
18 Nurettin YEDIGÖL Istanbul 13 April 1981
19 Cumali AY Istanbul 14 April 1981
20 Ahmet SAKIN Ordu 21 April 1981
21 Ali Ekber YÜREK K.maras May 1981
22 Özalp ÖNER Istanbul 4 May 1981
23 Selim MARTIN Izmir 27 May 1981
24 Bedri BILGE Artvin 20 July 1981
25 Bayram KOCABAS Ankara 21 August 1981
26 Mehmet YILDIZ Ankara 13 September 1981
27 Hasan ALEMOGLU Ankra 4 October 1981
28 Günay BALCIK Istanbul 19 December 1981
29 Serif YAZAR Istanbul 24 December 1981
30 Ismet CELIK Istanbul 2 January 1982
31 Süleyman SEKER Bozova/Urfa February 1982
32 Bahar YILDIZ Istanbul 9 May 1982
33 Asker DEMIR Diyarbakir June 1982
34 Alaybey YILMAZ Gölcük 23 June 1982
35 HüseyinÇOLAK Ankara 10 August 1982
36 Yusuf Ali ÖZBEY Besni/D.bakir 27 August 1982
37 Kenan KÜÇÜK Ankara September 1982
38 Halit ATALAY Diyarbakir 1983
39 M. Mutlu ÇETIN Manisa January 1983
40 Ali GÜVEN Izmir 28 July 1983
41 Ismet KIRAN Diyarbakir November 1983
42 Ismail CÜNEYT Istanbul December 1983
43 Nurettin ÖZTÜRK Ankara April 1984
44 Mustafa TEPELI Istanbul April 1984
45 Ömer AYDAR Sirnak July 1984
46 Ibrahim KURT Sirnak July 1984
47 Hüseyin BASARAN Sirnak August 1984
48 Bahri ASLAN Sirnak August 1984
49 Evren BATTAL K.maras 1985
50 Haydar YAGMUR Istanbul  1985
51 Yusuf ALTA Pazarcik 1985
52 Yildirim ÖZKAN Ankara 18 March 1985
53 Kazim ÇAKIR Mersin 7 June 1985
54 Kenan ÖZCAN Fatsa 20 October 1985
55 Ali KILIÇ Diyarbakir February 1986
56 Veysi SIMSEK Diyarbakir April 1986
57 Mustafa TAS Istanbul 13 June 1986
58 Hidir KESKIN Elazig March 1987
59 Ahmet ÇETIN Ankara 16 March 1987
60 Ibrahim SAVAS Sirnak 27 March 1987
61 Ibrahim ÖZTÜRK Istanbul 11 October 1987
62 Muhlis AKBULUT Bismil May 1988
63 Mustafa GÜLMEZ Edirne 25 June 1988
64 Gülseven ULUKOÇ Karaman July 1988
65 Dervis SAVGAT Viransehir 1 September 1988
66 Hüseyin KAZI Hakkari 4 October 1988
67 Sadik ÇELEBI Mardin 22 November 1988
68 Neriman PAPIS Istanbul 14 January 1989
69 Ömer KIZILIRMAK Ankara 6 March 1989

FURTHER INFORMATION SOUGHT

70. Rafet DEMIR Bursa 22 September 1980
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 13 January 1982: jump out of window, no ground for prosecution. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide in police custody by jumping out of window of Bursa Police Headquarters. Amnesty International has received allegations of torture.

71. Hüseyin KARAKAS Iskenderun 27 September 1980
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply of 13 January 1982: investigation in progress. Findings not known.

72. Ali INAN Istanbul 28 September 1980
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply of 13 January 1982: investigation in progress. Findings not known.

73. Ahmet Hilmi FEVZIOGLU Bursa 2 October 1980
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 13 January 1981: jumped out of the window of Bursa Police Headquarters, no grounds for prosecution. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide in police custody on 2 October 1980 by jumping from fifth floor of Bursa Police Headquarters. Amnesty International has received allegations of torture.

74. Mehmet CIZRELI Mardin 6 October 1980
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply of 21 December 1981 stated that he had been killed by opposite faction. Amnesty International has received allegations of torture.

75. Cemil KIRBAYIR Kars 9 October 1980
Subm. on 16 February 1982. Reply on 14 June 1982: investigation in progress. Submitted again on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: escaped as suspected militant of the illegal organization Acilciler-Devrimci Yol (Urgent Activists-Revolutionary Path) on 8 October 1980 and is still wanted. There are several witnesses to Cemil Kirbayir's detention. His father lodged a formal complaint in July 1981.

76. Sait SIMSEK Diyarbakir 26 October 1980
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 21 December 1981: has never been detained by the martial law authorities. Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: attempted to escape, fell and died of internal bleeding on 26 October 1980 in Gaziantep. Circumstances of death not clarified.

77. Ahmet ALTAN K.maras 3 November 1980
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide on 31 November 1980 in prison. Amnesty International has received allegations that he was beaten to death in Musonlar village near Kahramanmaras.

78. Ibrahim ESKI Ankara 11 November 1980
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 13 January 1982: trial in progress. Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 Sept. 1988: fell on escape, 12 police officers acquitted. Reply on 2 March 1989: brain haemorrhage after attempted escape, died on 11 November 1980 in Ankara. The lengthy court case against the police officers (verdict of acquittal twice quashed by appeal court) indicates that torture may have been involved.

79. Cafer DAGDOGAN Adana 12 November 1980
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 13 January 1982: trial in progress. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide in police custody on 11 December 1980 by jumping out of third floor of Adana Police Headquarters. Details in Erbil Tusalp's book: Bin Insan (A Thousand Humans), p. 156, showing the contradictions during trial against alleged torturers, virtually ruling out the possibility of a suicide.

80. Hayrettin EREN Istanbul 10 December 1980
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: militant of the illegal organization Devrimci Sol (Revolutionary Left), wanted for a long time. Details in Kürsat Istanbullu's book: Gözaltinda Kaybolanlar (Disappeared in Custody), pp. 13-21, citing testimonies of several witnesses who state he died in detention, including the testimony of his mother who went to see him in custody.

81. Ercan KOCA Ankara 15 December 1980
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 13 January 1982: no grounds for prosecution. Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: fell on escape, no grounds for prosecution. Reply on 2 March 1989: died on 15 December 1980 in Gata Hospital. His father lodged a formal complaint with the martial law authorities.

82. Mahmut KAYA Kars 25 December 1980 Submitted on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: wanted for an offence in Kars since 1980. There are several witnesses for his death. The date of death might be 3 January 1981.

83. Manzur GECGEL Izmir 27 December 1980
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 13 January 1982: no grounds for prosecution. Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: died on 9 September 1980, no grounds for prosecution. Circumstances of death not clarified.

84. Tur(h)an SAGLAM Kars 28 December 1980
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: died of illness, three police officers acquitted. Circumstances of death not clarified.

85. Mehmet DAG Adana 29 December 1980
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 21 December 1981: no record. Account of this death in Erbil Tusalp's book: Bin Insan (A Thousand Humans), p. 156.

86. Davut ELIBOLU Amasya 29 December 1980
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 21 December 1981: no record. Place could be Adana.

87. Ayhan ALAN Tarsus 8 January 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: died in a clash. Amnesty International has received allegations of torture.

88. Ahmet UZUN Rize 16 January 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death due to poisoning on 16 January 1981 in Rize Garrison. Poisoning is not a natural cause of death. Fellow detainees gave detailed account of his death as a result of torture.

89. Adil (Ali) YIlMAZ Ankara 20 January 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: died of illness, no grounds for prosecution. There are three witnesses who state his death to be the result of torture.

90. Ahmet DEMIR Diyarbakir February 1981
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 21 December 1981: investigation in progress. Findings not known.

91. Osman KARADUMAN Adana February 1981
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 21 December 1981: no record.

92. Mehmet Ali ERBAY Adiyaman 10 February 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death. Circumstances of death not clarified.

93. Ibrahim ALPDOGAN K.maras 11 February 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: fell from a rock when trying to show place of crime, died on 11 February 1981 at Pazarcik Health Centre. Witnesses say that he was beaten to death.

94. Ömer AYDOGMUS Izmir 12 February 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide in police custody in February 1981 in Izmir. Eleven defendants in a political trial in Izmir Military Court alleged his death to be the result of torture. Fellow detainees later gave a detailed account.

95. Hulusi TALAK Gaziantep 13 February 1981
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 13 January 1982: trial in progress. Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: died of heart failure, five police officers acquitted. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death due to 'heart insufficiency due to asthmatic cardiac illness' on 13 February 1981 in police custody in Gaziantep. There are two contradictory medical reports on the cause of death.

96. Bedrettin SINAK Adana 13 February 1981
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 21 December 1981: investigation in progress. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death on 13 February 1981 in police custody. Amnesty International has received allegations of torture.

97. Aydin DEMIRKOL Malatya March 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: died of illness, two police officers acquitted. Amnesty International has received allegations of torture.

98. Sahin Satilmis DOKUYUCU Ankara 18 March 1981
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 21 December 1981: no grounds for prosecution. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide in police custody on 18 March 1981 by jumping from sixth floor of Ankara Police Headquarters. Fellow detainees alleged he was thrown out of the window.

99. Hasan GAZOGLU Istanbul 30 March 1981
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 25 March 1982: jumped from fourth floor. Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: Sazoglu committed suicide by jumping out of window of Istanbul Police Headquarters. Amnesty International has received allegations of torture.

100. Mustafa ISIK Istanbul April 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: died in clash with police officers on 1 May 1981 in Istanbul. Amnesty International has received allegations that one police officer is responsible for his death as a result of torture.

101. Sadiye YAVUZ Manisa 1 April 1981
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 13 January 1982: no record.

102. Bozan CIMEN K.maras 2 April 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: tried to get hold of the pistol of the police officers, died as result of accidental shooting on 2 April 1981. Relatives alleged that he was shot during interrogation.

103. Abdurrahman ÇEÇEN Diyarbakir 27 April 1981
Subm. on 7 September 1981. Reply on 21 December 1981: no grounds for prosecution. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death of cirrhosis on 21 March 1981 in Diyarbakir Military Prison. Fellow detainees alleged he was beaten to death.

104. Hüseyin EROL Mardin 14 May 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: wanted as member of the illegal Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK). His death was reported in the Turkish press.

105. Yusuf BAG K.maras July 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death from tuberculosis on 22 March in Adana State Hospital. Amnesty International has received allegations of torture.

106. Süleyman CIHAN Istanbul 30 July 1981
Subm. on 11 September 1981. Reply on 13 January 1982: investigation in progress. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide in police custody on 30 July 1981 by jumping from sixth floor in Istanbul. There is a detailed account in Kürsat Istanbullu's book: Gözaltinda Kaybolanlar (Disappeared in Custody), pp. 33-47, in which six witnesses state the death to be the result of torture.

107. Fehmi ÖZASLAN K.maras 21 August 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death due to 'labuler pneumonia' on 23 August 1981 in Kahramanmaras State Hospital. Circumstances of death not clarified. Amnesty International has received allegations of torture.

108. Metin SARPBULUT Ankara October 1981
Subm. on 16 February 1982. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death from tuberculosis on 25 May 1981 in Izmir Tepe Chest Hospital. One witness has stated death took place at Ankara Police Headquarters.

109. Behzat FIRIK Tunceli 10 October 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: investigation in progress. Reply on 2 March 1989: shot on 10 October 1981 while trying to escape from security forces in Tunceli. Brother witnessed his death after being tortured himself.

110. Mehmet CEREN K.maras 20 October 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death due to inflammation of the lungs on 21 October 1981 in police custody in Kahramanmaras. Circumstances of death not clarified. His father, Vahip Ceren, alleged that death was the result of torture.

111. Ismail ESEN Bursa 15 November 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: arrested on 28 March 1982, later released, now living in Gemlik. The Turkish press reported that Ismail Esen died in Bursa Closed Prison. This was confirmed by Bursa Public Prosecutor Avni Dogan.

112. Ismet TAS Istanbul 5 December 1981
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death from 'infarction' on 1 February 1981 in Metris Military Hospital. Circumstances of death not clarified. Detailed account in Kürsat Istanbullu's book: Gözaltinda Kaybolanlar (Disappeared in Custody), p. 128, attributing his death to torture and medical neglect.

113. Hakan MERMEROGLU Istanbul 24 December 1981
Subm. on 16 February 1982. No reply. Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: died on 14 December 1981, no torture, no grounds for prosecution. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death from 'lobar pneumonia' on 14 December 1981 in Istanbul. Amnesty International's information indicates that he died after gas bombs had been thrown into the wards at Alemdag Prison.

114. Bahadir DUMANLI Istanbul 3 January 1982
Subm. on 13 January 1982. No reply. Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: died of lung problems, no grounds for prosecution. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death due to 'respiratory insufficiency due to abscess of right lungs' on 1 March 1982 in Haydarpasa Numune Hospital. Amnesty International's information indicates that he died after gas bombs had been thrown into the wards at Alemdag Prison.

115. Sevket SEVSEREN Adana February 1982
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death from 'lobar pneumonia' on 23 December 1982 in Ankara State Hospital. Circumstances of death not clarified. Conflicting information on date and place.

116. Abdurrahim AKSOY Samsun 9 February 1982
Subm. on 13 March 1982. Reply on 2 March 1989: attempted escape from Samsun Police Headquarters. Colleagues of Abdurrahim Aksoy alleged that he died as a result of torture.

117. Cemal KILIÇ Diyarbakir 23 February 1982
Subm. on 13 April 1982. Reply by Turkish Embassy in Bonn in September 1982: Kemal K. in prison and good health. Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: died on 22 February 1982 as a result of tuberculosis. Four witnesses state he died as a result of beatings.

118. Ismet ÖMÜRCAN K.maras 26 February 1982
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: died in a clash. Reply on 2 March 1989: died on 26 February 1981 in an armed clash. His father alleged that he handed over his son to the security forces and that he died as a result of torture.

119. Önder DEMIROK Diyarbakir 8 March 1982
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 Sept. 1988: Ömer Demirok died on 23 February 1982 from lung problems. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death due to 'pulmonary disease' on 23 February 1982 in Diyarbakir Military Hospital. Circumstances of death not clarified. Fellow detainees allege that he died as a result of beatings.

120. Kenan CIFTCI Diyarbakir 21 April 1982
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide on 21 April 1982 by taking an overdose of medicine in Diyarbakir Military Prison. Fellow detainees allege the death to be the result of beatings.

121. Mehmet Ali ERASLAN Diyarbakir 9 June 1982
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death due to 'cardiorespiratory failure due to acetonaemia and uraemia' in 1981 in Diyarbakir Military Hospital. Circumstances of death not clarified. Fellow detainees allege that death was the result of beatings.

122. Mustafa TUNC Istanbul 9 July 1982
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death due to 'malignant tumour and meta stasis , in Haydarpasa Military Hospital. Circumstances of death not clarified. Account in Kürsat Istanbullu's book: Gözaltinda Kaybolanlar (Disappeared in Custody), pp. 51-55, attributing his death to torture and medical neglect.

123. Aziz ÖZBAY Diyarbakir 23 August 1982
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: died on 20 August 1982 as a result of cirrhosis. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death from cirrhosis of the liver on 20 August 1982 in Diyarbakir Military Prison. Fellow prisoners alleged that he died after beatings.

124. Adnan ZINCIRKlRAN Urfa September 1982
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 30 March 1989: suicide by throwing himself into the Tigris River on 4 September 1982 while trying to escape. Amnesty International has received allegations that he was beaten in front of the village population and then thrown into the river.

125. Zafer MÜCTEBAGOGLU Ankara 15 October 1982
Subm. on 7 December 1982. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death due to 'ulcerative colitis' on 8 October 1982 in Gata Hospital. Fellow prisoners alleged death to be the result of torture.

126. Mustafa Asim HAYRULLAHOGLU Istanbul 16 November 1982
Subm. on 5 January and 11 May 1983. No reply. Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: three officers acquitted. Reply on 2 March 1989: wounded after clashes with security forces, died later on 16 November 1982. According to Amnesty International's information the trial is still in progress (acquittal quashed by appeal court).

127. Seyithan SAK Diyarbakir 21 November 1982
Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death from renal failure on 21 November 1982 in Diyarbakir Military Hospital. Circumstances of death not clarified. Fellow prisoners alleged death to be the result of beatings.

128. Hüseyin SERTKAYA Bingöl 21 November 1982
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide in police custody on 22 November 1982 in Bingöl. Relatives alleged that the death was the result of torture.

129. Feyzullah BINGÖL Mus 25 November 1982
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide in police custody on 25 November 1982 in Mus. Relatives alleged that his death was the result of torture.

130. Aziz BÜYÜKERTAC Diyarbakir 22 December 1982
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death from heart attack on 30 November 1982 in Diyarbakir Military Prison (Büyükertas). Circumstances of death not clarified. Fellow prisoners alleged that he was beaten to death.

131. Ramazan YAYAN Diyarbakir 13 January 1983
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death from 'miliary tuberculosis' on 13 January 1983 in Diyarbakir Military Hospital. Circumstances of death not clarified. Fellow prisoners alleged that he was beaten to death.

132. Mehmet Emin AKPINAR Diyarbakir 25 January 1983
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death from 'diarrhoea and malabsorption' on 3 June 1982 in Diyarbakir Military Prison. Circumstances of death not clarified. Fellow prisoners alleged that he was beaten to death.

133. Mazlum GÜDER Elazig 5 March 1983
Subm. on 3 June 1983. Reply on 28 September 1988: died on 3 March 1983, no grounds for prosecution. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death from heart block on 4 March 1983 in Diyarbakir Military Prison. Twelve witnesses alleged his death to be the result of torture.

134. Niyazi GÜNDOGDU Sivas 16 March 1983
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide in police custody on 16 March 1985 in Sivas. Relatives alleged that death was the result of torture.

135. Ibrahim KOSAR Adana 20 March 1983
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death 9ue to 'pulmonary haemorrhage' in prison. Amnesty International has received allegations of torture.

136. Medet ÖZBADEM Diyarbakir 20 May 1983
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death from 'pulmonary tuberculosis' on 19 May 1983 in Diyarbakir Military Hospital. Circumstances of death not clarified. Fellow prisoners alleged that his death is the result of torture and medical neglect.

137. Hamdi FILIZCAN Canakkale July 1983
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death from brain haemorrhage on 1 September 1984 in Canakkale State Hospital. Circumstances of death not clarified. There is a detailed account in Kürsat Istanbullu's book, Gözaltinda Kaybolanlar (Disappeared in Custody), p. 131, indicating that his death was the result of beatings and medical neglect.

138. Hüsnü SEYHAN Ankara 23 September 1983
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 30 March 1989: suicide on 23 September 1983 at Ankara Anafartalar Police Station. Seven officers acquitted. Amnesty International's information indicates that two conflicting autopsy reports exist.

139. Ibrahim ULAG Diyarbakir 3 November 1983
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death due to 'infarction' on 3 November 1983 in police custody in Diyarbakir. Circumstances of death not clarified. Relatives alleged that his death was the result of torture.

140. Necmettin BÜYÜKKAYA Diyarbakir 23 January 1984
Subm. on 26 January 1984. Reply on 28 September 1988: died as a result of a fight with guards. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death (details are not legible on the copy). Fellow prisoners alleged his death to be the result of torture.

141. Maksut TEPELI Istanbul 26 February 1984
Subm. on 7 November 1984. Reply on 3 December 1984: no grounds for prosecution. Reply on 2 March 1989: did not listen to order to stop and died on 5 February 1984 in Haydarpasa Numune Hospital. Two witnesses state death was the result of torture.

142. Halil Ibrahim BATURALP Diyarbakir 27 April 1984
Subm. on 10 0une 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death due to 'vardiovascular and respiratory failure due to cerebral hyperemia (excess of blood in the brain) and oedema' (swelling) in 1984 in Diyarbakir Military Hospital. Circumstances of death not clarified. Fellow prisoners alleged his death to be the result of beatings.

143. Hasan AKAN Sirnak 14 April 1985
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: investigation in progress. Findings not known.

144. Siddik BILGIN Bingöl 31 July 1985
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: trial in progress. Findings not known.

145. Serafettin TIRIC Fatsa 10 August 1985
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: investigation in progress. Findings not known.

146. Halil YULUK Fethiye 18 August 1985
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide in police custody. MP Ali Ihsan Elgin said that cell was too low for suicide.

147. Cevher YASAR Elazig 4 September 1985
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide in police custody on 4 September 1985 in Tunceli. Relatives alleged death to be the result of torture.

148. Ibrahim POLAT Mardin 28 September 1985
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: jumped from police van when taken to place of crime, died of brain haemorrhage on 28 September 1985 in Diyarbakir. Relatives alleged that death had been caused by torture.

149. Hamza TUTAN Hakkari 8 November 1985
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: no grounds for prosecution. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death due to 'cardiac insufficiency' on 8 November 1985 in Yüksekova Gendarmerie. Circumstances of death not clarified. Amnesty International's information indicates that an investigation was started and five police officers were suspended from duty.

150. Recep TUNA Istanbul 27 January 1986
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 Sept. 1988: investigation in progress. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death due to 'respiratory insufficiency' on 27 January 1986 in Bayrampasa Prison. Circumstances of death not clarified

151. Mustafa YAGCI Kayseri 11 April 1986
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 28 September 1988: suicide, no grounds for prosecution. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide in Sivas Prison on 11 April 1986. Amnesty International's information indicates that prison director and 29 staff were on trial for having beaten Mustafa Yagci to death.

152. Ömer CAVUSOGlU Ankara 28 May 1986
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 30 March 1989: Ömer Engin (Ömer Çavusoglu) died on 29 May 1986 at Istanbul Police Headquarters because of heart failure. Circumstances of death not clarified.

153. Muhammet Hilmi MUSA Ankara February 1987
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: wanted in connection with a killing. In a trial in Ankara State Security Court lawyer and defendants alleged that he died as a result of torture.

154. Sabri CUHADAR Edirne March 1987
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: suicide in police custody in Edirne. Amnesty International's information indicates that Ankara Military Court made a formal complaint to Edirne Prosecutor's Office about this death.

155. Mehmet Temel OKTAY Eregli 20 March 1987
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death due to 'perforation of duodenum resulting in peritonitis' on 20 March 1987 in Eregli Gendarmerie. Amnesty International's information indicates that Eregli Prosecutor's Office ordered an autopsy by the forensic institute.

156. Feridun CELIK Istanbul 22 April 1987
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: jumped out of second floor in an attempt to escape, died on 23 April 1987. Feridun Çelik's wife, who had been detained together with her husband, alleged that he had been killed under torture.

157. Mehmet KALKAN Diyarbakir 14 June 1987
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Replies on 28 November 1988 and 2 March 1989: suicide in police custody on 14 June 1987 in Diyarbakir. There is one witness who alleges that he died as a result of torture.

158. Kemal KARAPINAR Erzurum 2 December 1987
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 2 March 1989: natural death due to heart attack on 2 December 1987 in Erzurum Numune Hospital. Fellow detainees alleged his death to be the result of torture.

159. Manuel DEMIR Istanbul 24 January 1988
Subm. on 10 June 1988. Reply on 30 March 1989: died on 24 January 1988 in Istanbul in an armed clash with the security forces. Friends and relatives have alleged that he had been taken into police custody some hours before his death.

DEATHS CONFIRMED TO BE THE RESULT OF TORTURE (40)
 
Eyyüp Akkurt Gaziantep 2 December 1979
Yasar Gündogdu Ankara 18 April 1980
Mehmet Ali Karasoy Malatya 15 June 1980
Faruk Tuna Istanbul 8 August 1980
Sadan Gazeteci Izmit 26 September 1980
Zeynel Abidin Ceylan Ankara 26 September 1980
Ömer Aktas Mardin 1 October 1980
Hasan Asker Özmen Ankara 5 October 1980
Ahmet Karlangaç Istanbul 12 October 1980
Ekrem Eksi Istanbul 13 October 1980
Behçet Dinlerer Ankara 15 October 1980
Metin Aksoy Erzurum 24 October 1980
Ilhan Erdost Ankara 7 November 1980
Cengiz Aksakal Artvin 12 November 1980
Kenan Gürsoy Diyarbakir 3 December 1980
Hasan Kılıç Elazig 30 December 1980
Sinan Karaçalı Adana 11 February 1981
Vakkas Devamlı Pazarcık 28 April 1981
Hasan Hüseyin Damar Istanbul 2 May 1981
Ensar Karahan Artvin June 1981
Ali Sarıbal Diyarbakır 13 November 1981
Haydar Sönmez Elazığ 6 March 1982
Cennet Değirmenci K.maraş 22 May 1982
Talip Yılmaz Istanbul 20 December 1982
Enver Sahan Gaziantep 13 November 1983
Şehmus Beğeç Diyarbakır 6 January 1984
Bekir Tıraşlı Antakya 6 March 1984
Hasan Hakkı Erdoğan Istanbul 30 September 1984
Şahismail Sut Kars 14 December 1984
Halil Çelik Mut 6 March 1985
Akın Tanış Istanbul 10 September 1986
Yaşar Durmaz Samsun 9 February 1986
Hasan Çelik Çorum 12 February 1986
Ömer Çorak (Çoral) Zonguldak 4 July 1985
Adnan Tüysüz (Tıysız) Ceylanpınar 17 February 1986
Zülfikar Bayram Pirinçlik 21 February 1986
Aziz Biltekin Izmit 9 November 1987
Hayar Talay Van 20 November 1987
Emin Özkaya Antalya 18 January 1988
Nihat Yurtoğlu Ankara 10 April 1988

CASES IN WHICH AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL KNOWS THAT TORTURERS HAVE BEEN CONVICTED (7)
 
Hüseyin Karakaş Ankara 26 December 1979
Oruç Korkmaz Kars 10 January 1980
Ali Olcay Adana 10 July 1980
Mustafa Olcay Adana 10 July 1980
Mehmet Kodak Adana 10 July 1980
Ataman Ince Istanbul 25 October 1981
Bedii Tan Diyarbakır 14 July 1982

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